Ewer with birds, given by Roger II of Sicily to Theobald II, Count of Champagne, who donated it to the royal abbey of St Denis ca. 1150.
Body: rock crystal (Fatimid art, late 10th century–early 11th century); lid: filigreed gold (Italy, 11th century).
Terry Jones reads Chaucer.
How awesome is that?!
Bronze toy knight, Europe, 13th-14th century CE. The Walters Art Museum
This evocative little figure is a bronze toy knight and one of the earliest known toy soldiers, made in Europe sometime between the 13th and 14th centuries. Requiring little skill, time, or investment to produce, these must have been fairly common toys for better-off children, but the ephemeral nature of childhood possessions mean that few have survived into the present. The wooden lance is a modern reproduction.
Happy Children’s day!
Georgian Manuscript, Jrutchi I Gospels (X century)
Until 1989, Georgian was the only written language among the South Caucasian languages. A unique Georgian alphabet was devised following the country’s conversion to Christianity in 337. The script does not differentiate between upper- and lower-case forms and consists of thirty-eight characters.
Ribauldequin or Organ Gun (or Medieval Mitrailleuse)
A late medieval volley gun with many small-caliber iron barrels set up parallel on a platform, in use during the 14th and 15th centuries.
The first known ribauldequin was used by the army of Edward III of England in 1339 in France during the Hundred Years’ War. They were also used in the Italian Wars and in the War of the Roses.
image: Organ gun in the Bellifortis treatise (ca. 1405)
Once very much used, after The Fall, the treadwheel crane was soon forgotten. Fortunately, it came back some time during the 13th century.
It’s most notable use was during the Gothic period. There would be no magnificent cathedrals without the use of this, sometimes very dangerous, contraption. It was used everywhere, from ports to sewing guilds.
image: Pieter Bruegel’s Construction of The Tower of Babel featuring a double treadwheel crane (10,629 × 13,481)
- Lying awake before dawn and worrying.
Pronounced oot-key-are-a, the word breaks down into two parts: uht, a word for the restless hour before dawn and ceare, an Old English term for care and sorrow.
If you want to learn about Stalin, study Henry VIII; if you want to learn about Mrs Thatcher, study Henry VIII; if you want to know about Hollywood, study Henry VIII.
- The Garden of Earthly Delights, Hieronymus Bosch, 1503-1504
- The Uninhabited Garden, José Manuel Ballester, 2008
Guys, they have outdone themselves this time, believe me.