On a nygth, as this creatur lay in hir bedde wyth hir husbond, sche herd a sownd of melodye so swet and delectable, hir thowt, as sche had ben in paradyse. And therwyth sche styrt owt of hir bedde and seyd, “Alas, that evyr I dede synne, it is ful mery in hevyn.
360° panorama of the grounds of Cardiff Castle, showing (l to r) the interpretation centre, the barbican and South Gate, the Black Tower, the Clock Tower and the main range, the reconstructed Roman Wall, the shell keep on the motte, and the Norman banked earth defences.
*Click on image for a side-scroll view.
William Burges (1827 - 1881)
One of the most original and exuberant designers of the 19th century. His work drew on a number of sources, including the arts of the Middle Ages, the Islamic world and East Asia. Burges created two of the most opulent Gothic Revival buildings in Britain, Cardiff Castle and Castell Coch (near Cardiff).
The exteriors of the buildings, both built for the Marquis of Bute, are inspired by French Medieval castles, while the interiors radiate with coloured carvings, panelled walls and painted ceilings. Burges’s designs for furniture and metalwork are equally inventive and elaborate.
The Medieval Revivals style was inspired by architecture and decorative arts from 1000-1600. The interest in Norman, Gothic and Jacobean styles reflected a romantic nostalgia for Britain’s past. This was coupled with an increasingly serious study of actual Medieval buildings and furnishings. The Medieval Revivals style first developed in the mid-18th century. By the 1790s it had become an important alternative to classical styles.
- Unknown maker, 1815-1830, Wrought iron, originally painted green
- Richard Bentley (designer), William Hallett (maker), 1755, Beechwood, painted black to imitate ebony, the seat covered in black horsehair
A dunce is a person considered to be incapable of learning.
The word is derived from the name of the Scholastic theologian and philosopher John Duns Scotus, also referred to as Doctor Subtillis, or “Subtle Doctor”, whose works on logic, theology and philosophy were accepted textbooks in the universities from the 14th century.
Duns or Dunsman was a name applied by early opponents to the followers of Duns Scotus, who were less disparagingly called the Scotists. When, in the 16th century, the Scotists obstinately opposed the new learning (i.e., the King James Bible), the term duns or dunce became, in the mouths of the Protestants a term of abuse, a synonym for one incapable of scholarship. This was the etymology given by Richard Stinhurst.
Forrþrihht anan se time comm
þatt ure Drihhtin wollde
ben borenn i þiss middellærd
forr all mannkinne nede
he chæs himm sone kinnessmenn
all swillke summ he wollde
& whær he wollde borenn ben
he chæs all att hiss wille.
As soon as the time came
that our Lord wanted
to be born in this middle-earth
for the sake of all mankind,
at once he chose kinsmen for himself,
all just as he wanted,
and he decided that he would be born
exactly where he wished.
-Ormulum by Orm, XII century, background to the Nativity
According to the original source (Galerie Golconda) this is the museum’s reproduction of a “Burnish Ivory Byzantine Fusaiola* Ring” but everything on this site, including the terrible English translation is fishy and difficult to understand, so take this info with caution. Regardless, it’s a gorgeous piece of jewelry.