The Cathedral at Monreale was begun in 1174 and has the largest area of mosaic from before 1200 to survive in Italy.
(The Palazzo Reale and the castle at Zisa, Palermo have the only significant panels of secular mosaics to survive from the period, probably both of around 1170, both of which show considerable Islamic influence, though that may reflect the Byzantine style for such work. Confronted figures of birds, archers and lions are set around trees in geometric schemes.)

The Cathedral at Monreale was begun in 1174 and has the largest area of mosaic from before 1200 to survive in Italy.

(The Palazzo Reale and the castle at Zisa, Palermo have the only significant panels of secular mosaics to survive from the period, probably both of around 1170, both of which show considerable Islamic influence, though that may reflect the Byzantine style for such work. Confronted figures of birds, archers and lions are set around trees in geometric schemes.)