Burdened with children and landlords’ rent;
What they can put aside from what they make spinning they spend on housing,
Also on milk and meal to make porridge with
To sate their children who cry out for food
And they themselves also suffer much hunger,
And woe in wintertime, and waking up nights
To rise on the bedside to rock the cradle,
Also to card and comb wool, to patch and to wash,
To rub flax and reel yarn and to peel rushes
That it is pity to describe or show in rhyme
The woe of these women who live in huts
Any poor woman unable to litigate
Or defend herself shall choose an attorney
Who shall speak on her behalf.
The poorest hemp-spinstress shall be as free as a priest shall.
I hope this will help with your reenactments and fanart. :)
- Anglo-Saxon (600 – 1154): Simple Veils, Head-tires, Combs, and Pin
- Norman (1066-1154): Couvre-chef, hair uncovered, and extreme length
- Plantagenet (1154-1399): Wimple, Barbette, Fillet and Crespine
- Plantagenet (14th century): Horizontal Braiding, Gorget
- Plantagenet Crespine ( 1364-Late 14th century)
- Lancaster (1430-1460): Heart-shaped and Turban Headdresses
- York (1460-1485): Butterfly and Hennin
Beatriz de Dia (born c. 1140 - flourished circa 1175, Provence) was the most famous of a small group of trobairitz, or female troubadours who wrote courtly songs of love during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
A chantar m’er de so q”ieu no voldria
I must sing, whether I want to or not.
I feel so much pain from him whose
friend I am,
For I love him more than anything.
But neither grace nor courtesy has
any effect on him,
Nor my beauty, my decency, or my
I am despised and betrayed,
As though I were worthless.
Medieval Macedonia / Thrace, 14th-16th century AD.
Exquisite gilded silver/bronze fertility bracelet. Given from a mother to her daughter upon her wedding, to be worn until she bears her first child.
Made of bronze with layer of silver wash and gilded details. An ornate central cross with four crosses and star within, raised “breast” details on the edges of the body.
Flattish hand-size stones could be rubbed over woven cloth to smooth it, polish it, or to press in pleated folds. Simple round linen smoothersmade of dark glass have been found in many Viking women’s graves, and are believed to have been used with smoothing boards. Archaeologists know there were plenty of these across medieval Europe, but they aren’t completely sure how they were used. Water may have been used to dampen linen, but it is unlikely the smoothers were heated.
image: The Scar Dragon Plaque, now on display at the Orkney Museum, Kirkwall. (source)
Detail of a bas-de-page scene of a woman at a spinning wheel being kissed by a man, from the Smithfield Decretals, Southern France (Toulouse?) with marginal decoration added in England, last quarter of the 13th century or 1st quarter of the 14thcentury, Royal 10 E. iv, f. 139